Geertz C. Agricultural involution: the processes of ecological change in Indonesia . Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, p. Agricultural Involution: the processes of ecological change in Indonesia, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California/London: University of California. Agricultural involution: the process of ecological change in Indonesia. by Geertz, Clifford. Publication date Topics Agriculture, Agricultura, Ecologie.
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Agricultural involution : the process of ecological change in Indonesia
What this amounted was increasing the labour intensity in the paddies, increasing output per area but not increasing output per head. The Process of Ecological Change in Indonesia.
Geertz’s thesis is that this process was tied up with agricultudal development of sugar as a smallholder cash crop complementary with rice production.
Agricultural Involution is one of the earlier works of a very influential writer: Of Approximate Truths and Moral Judgments ” “.
January External links: But this work is still necessary reading for anyone interested in Indonesian agriculture, as well as being a good introduction to the economic history of Indonesia. Of particular note is Geertz’s discussion of what he famously describes as the process of “agricultural agriculturao.
This is his description of the process in Java where both the external economic demands of the Dutch rulers and the internal pressures due to population growth led to intensification rather than change.
This page was last edited on 3 Octoberat Retrieved from ” https: It then looks at the historical development of Indonesian agriculture, and in invooution the process of “agricultural involution”, where the Javanese economy, faced with external pressure from the economic demands of the Dutch colonial regime and internal pressure from rapidly increasing population, intensified existing forms of agriculture rather than changing.
Written for a particular US-funded geegtz on the local developments  and following the modernisation theory of Walt Whitman RostowGeertz examines in this book the agricultural system in Indonesia. Views Read Edit View history. The geographical location of these different types is important.
Agricultural Involution (Clifford Geertz) – book review
The two dominant forms of agriculture are swidden and sawah. This involved putting even more labour into paddy field cultivation, increasing per hectare output while maintaining per capita output. Swidden is also known as slash and burn and inolution is irrigated rice paddy. It principal thesis is that many centuries of intensifying wet-rice cultivation in Indonesia had produced greater social complexity without significant technological or political change, a process Geertz terms “involution”.
Sawah is the dominant form in both Java and Bali where nearly three quarters of Indonesia’s population live and swidden more common in the less central regions. If nothing else, it will be remembered for the coining involutiob the term “agricultural involution”.
Agricultural Involution by Clifford Geertz – Paperback – University of California Press
Critics have attacked Geertz’s ideas in a number of places, and some of his conclusions are now considered doubtful. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Having looked at the agricultural system the book turns to an examination of the systems historical development.